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The Pediatric Infections Research Center (PIRC) of Shahid Beheshti University, M. C. was established in January 2004. Its located in Mofid Children Hospital in the North of Tehran. This hospital has several pediatric departments with an active emergency ward which provides a great source of referral patients.

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News > New research analyses maternal breastfeeding in Spain

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New research analyses maternal breastfeeding in Spain

New research analyses maternal breastfeeding in Spain throughout the second half of the twentieth century. Experts believe that its development is associated with socio-demographic factors such as the advice of healthcare professionals, longer maternity leave, a womans integration into the workplace and her level of education.

"Up until not long ago, maternal breastfeeding was vital for infant survival but things have changed in the second half of the twentieth century. This is mainly due to the arrival of artificial lactation," explains Juan Ram-n Ordoma-a, researcher at the University of Murcia, Spain and lead author of the study.

Published in the Journal of Human Lactation, the study analyses how maternal breastfeeding rates have evolved in the region of Murcia and, indeed, the rest of Spain, in recent decades and whether women who had children in the 1960s behaved in the same way as those who had children in the 1980s or 1990s.

The average time that a mother breastfeeds has changed over the studied period. Ordo-ana confirms that "what our results show is a U-shaped graph. Women breastfed for longer periods of time in the 1960s (61.3% for longer than six months) and 1990s (29% also for longer than six months) whereas the shortest periods occurred in the 1970s and 1980s (14.4% and 19.2% respectively).

Researchers studied 666 women who had been first time mothers from a period starting in the 1960s and ending in the 1990s. As well as gathering information on the childs diet, experts collected socio-demographic data with particular focus on the mothers educational attainment.

Ordo-ana outlines that "the effect of greater educational attainment on the duration of the breastfeeding period is not always the same and it very much depends on social context."

As such, women with medium and high educational attainment displayed drastically shorter breastfeeding periods at the beginning of the 1970s and the rates that correspond to this group where almost on a par with those of woman with lower education attainment in the 1970s and 1980s. However, a subsequent steady increase of 3.4% each year was experienced and this trend remained until the end of the 1990s.

10:13 - 02/10/2011    /    Number : 361    /    Show Count : 1077


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